An International Research Journal

AJP

SSN : 0971 - 3093

Vol  24, No. 4, April, 2015


Chien-Shiung Wu and Her Support for Women Physicists

Ruth H Howes


Asian Journal of Physics                                                                                                                 Vol. 24, No 4 (2015) 493-500


Female physicists who shaped the atomic age history


Ekaterina I Michonova

Erskine College

2, Washington Street, Due West, South Carolina 29639-0338, USA

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The present work is focused on the women physicists, who contributed to the early discoveries in nuclear physics until 1945. Among the many talented women scientists who contributed to different stages of the scientific discoveries, there were not only physicists, but also chemists, biologists, mathematicians, and technicians yet they were not given proper credit for their contributions in most of the publications on the topic. This work is an attempt to do that. Among the familiar names such as those of Marie Curie, Iren Curie, and Lise Meitner, the reader will learn about some less well known female physicists, including Harriet Brooks, the first Ph.D. student of Boltzmann, Ida Noddack, who made the first statement of fission, and Leona Woods, the only woman who worked in the group of Fermi. © Anita publications. All rights reserved.

Total Refs: 23

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Asian Journal of Physics                                                                                                             Vol. 24, No 4 (2015) 501-509


Sophie Germain and her uncertainties in elasticity theory


Ennio Badolati and Sandra Ciccone

Università del Molise, Via de Sanctis 1, 86100 Campobasso, Italy

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In this paper we examine Sophie Germain’s work involving elasticity theory. After a biographical sketch, we discuss the errors within Sophie Germain’s partial differential equation. Lastly, we consider some comments made by other scholars about Sophie Germain and her work. © Anita publications. All rights reserved.

Total Refs: 32

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Asian Journal of Physics                                                                                                            Vol. 24, No 4 (2015) 513-519

 

Chien-Shiung Wu and her support for women physicists


Ruth H Howes

Professor of Physics and Astronomy, Emerita, Ball State University

714 Agua Fria Street, Santa Fe, NM 87501, USA

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There have been many excellent articles about the great Chinese experimental physicist Dr. Chien-Shiung Wu, so details of  her family, career and education are well-documented. In addition, she and others have described her experiments which were critical to the development of our understanding of the nucleus. This paper covers her life and work briefly and focuses on a less documented aspect of Professor Wu’s career, her tireless support for women who were working in physics. While she never tolerated laziness or carelessness in any physicist, male or female, she enabled her women students to maintain their work in physics without denying their role as women and taught them to compete successfully in the fast and furious world of experimental physics. © Anita publications. All rights reserved.

Total Refs: 19

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Asian Journal of Physics                                                                                                            Vol. 24, No 4 (2015) 521-527

 

Virginia Trimble: a life in and out of astrophysics

 

Ennio Badolati and Sandra Ciccone

Università del Molise, Via de Sanctis 1, 86100 Campobasso, Italy

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This paper provides a profile and examines the contribution of Virginia Trimble to astrophysics and her role in research the 20th and 21st  centuries. A survey of her papers follows the references. © Anita publications. All rights reserved.

Total Refs: 8

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Asian Journal of Physics                                                                                                            Vol. 24, No 4 (2015) 00-00


The Collaboration of Mileva Marićand Albert Einstein


Estelle Asmodelle
University of Central Lancashire
School of Computing, Engineering and Physical Sciences,

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This is a contemporary review of the involvement of Mileva Marić, Albert Einstein’s first wife, in his theoretical work between the period of 1900 to 1905. Separate biographies are outlined for both Mileva and Albert, prior to their attendanceat Zürich Polytechnic in 1896. Then a combined journal is described, detailing significant events. In addition to a biographical sketch, comments by various authors are compared and contrasted concerning two narratives. Firstly, the sequence of events that happened and the couple’s relationship at particular times. Secondly, the contents of letters from both Albert and Mileva. Some interpretations of the usage of pronouns in those letters during 1899 and 1905 are re-examined, and a different hypothesis regarding the usage of those pronouns is introduced. We examine various papers and compare the content of each subsequent paper to the work that Mileva was performing. With a different take, this treatment further suggests that the couple continued to work together much longer than other authors have indicated. We also evaluate critics and supporters of the hypothesis that Mileva was involved in Einstein’s work, and refocus this within a historical context, in terms of women in science in the late 19thcentury. Lastly, the definition of, collaboration and co-authorship specifically, is outlined. As a result, recommendations are stated. The first of which is Mileva should be seriously considered as an honorary co-author of one, possibly two, papers. Secondly, it is recommended that a serious inquiry should be made, concerning the extent of Mileva Marić’s involvement in Albert Einstein’s published works between 1902 and 1905. © Anita publications. All rights reserved.

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Asian Journal of Physics                                                                                                            Vol. 24, No 4 (2015) 00-00


Optical biosensors exploiting the phenomenon of surface plasmon resonance

M A Baqir, Masih Ghasemi and P K Choudhury
Institute of Microengineering and Nanoelectronics, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia,
UKM Bangi, 43600 Selangor, Malaysia

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A prism-coupled waveguide biosensor is theoretically designed to determine the concentrations of the aqueous solutions of sugar, glycerol and potassium iodide. For this purpose, the principle of surface plasmon resonance (SPR) through the use of Turbadar-Kretschmann-Raether (TKR) configuration is exploited. The dips in reflection spectra, as generated due to the phenomenon of SPR, determine the levels of concentration of the measurands used. Moreover, the sensitivity of sensor system is analyzed corresponding to two different wavelengths, by taking into account water as the reference medium. The results essentially determine the efficacy of the TKR-based system in health diagnostics. © Anita publications. All rights reserved.
Keywords: SPR; prism-coupled optical sensor; optical biosensor

Total Refs : 34

Optical biosensors exploiting the phenomenon of surface plasmon resonance.pdf
M A Baqir, Masih Ghasemi and P K Choudhury

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